Valor Without Arms: A History of the 316th Troop Carrier Group 1942-1945

by Michael N. Ingrisano Jr.

Merriam Press World War II History

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Paperback - ISBN 978-1470085155 - $18.95

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The 316th Troop Carrier Group was formed at Patterson Field, Ohio, in February 1942.

By November, the Group air echelon consisting of Headquarters, 36th, 37th, 44th, and 45th Squadrons, flew to its first overseas post in Egypt.

There, staff sergeant pilots flew their C-47s in support of the British 8th Army across North Africa from Egypt to Tunisia, delivering supplies and pioneering in air evacuation.

The Group, less the 37th Squadron which remained in Egypt, dropped the 82nd Airborne Division in the invasion of Sicily as part of the operations HUSKY 1 and 2, on 9-11 July, 1943.

In HUSKY 2, the 316th lost 12 out of the 23 troop carrier command aircraft that were shot down by friendly fire.

In February 1944, the Group moved to Cottesmore, England, from where it participated in the invasions of France (Normandy, D-Day), Holland (MARKET GARDEN), and Germany (VARSITY).

After 30 months of overseas duty, the 316th, one of the first troop carrier groups to be sent overseas, was one of the first to return to the United States in May 1945.

Stationed at Pope Field, North Carolina, it trained with the 82nd for the pending invasion of Japan.

That mission was aborted when Japan surrendered in August 1945.

Group personnel wore nine battle stars, three Distinguished Unit Citations, Silver Stars, numerous Distinguished Flying Crosses, Air Medals, Purple Hearts, and Soldiers' Medals.

Ingrisano, a radio operator, flew with the 37th Squadron from August 1943 to the end of the war.

His history is based primarily upon official records. It is heavily footnoted, contains personal recollections from members of the Group, and a roster of some 2700 names.

Students of the air war in World War II, especially of vertical deployment of troops, and genealogists will find this history to be an excellent source for future research.

Contents

Introduction

Preface

In the Beginning: 1942

The Middle East and North Africa: 1942-1943

HUSKY 1 and 2, and GIANT: Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944

To England

Settling In: Training, Training and More Training

Normandy: NEPTUNE: BOSTON and FREEPORT

TRANSFIGURE to MARKET GARDEN

MARKET GARDEN

Prelude to VARSITY

VARSITY

It's Over - Over There

Epilogue

Appendices:

Combat Missions

Roll of Honor

Honors

Air Echelon, November 1942

Air Echelon, February 1944

Glider Pilots

Combat Crews: HUSKY 1 and HUSKY 2

Combat Crews: NEPTUNE: BOSTON and FREEPORT

Combat Crews: MARKET GARDEN

Combat Crews: VARSITY

Wing Mission Reports

316th Troop Carrier Group Roster: 1942-1945

Glossary

Bibliography

Index

470 6x9-inch pages, 93 photos and illustrations, 29 maps and charts

Valor Without Arms: A History of the 316th Troop Carrier Group 1942-1945

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