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Military Archives: "S" PDF Files

Below are PDF files available to download. A small fee is charged for some, others are free to download. All are downloaded from the same source, Payhip, and free and fee items can be combined in a single order.
  • Salerno: American Operations From the Beaches to Volturno, 9 September-6 October 1943 - FREE
    • American Forces in Action No. 3, Military Intelligence Division, War Department, Washington, D.C., 1944, 108 pages, 11 photos, 24 drawings, 18 maps (4 multi-color), 1 organizational chart. This study was the third in the American Forces in Action series, designed exclusively for military personnel and primarily for wounded soldiers in hospitals to tell them the military story of the campaigns and battles in which they served. This is an account of the American forces, the VI Corps, who landed on the beaches in the Gulf of Salerno.
  • Seek, Strike and Destroy: U.S. Army Tank Destroyer Doctrine in World War II - FREE
    • by Dr. Christopher R. Gabel, Leavenworth Papers No. 12, Combat Studies Institute, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Leavenworth, Kansas, 1985, 98 pages, 30 photos, 8 organizational charts. Following the German conquest of France in 1940, the U.S. Army found itself without a doctrine, organization, or weapon capable of defeating a wholesale mechanized attack. Consequently, at the direct instigation of the Chief of Staff, General George C. Marshall, Lieutenant General Lesley J. McNair founded an anti-tank quasi-arm in 1941. This force, the "tank destroyers," combined a aggressive doctrine, an elite spirit, and highly mobile, heavily gunned weapons. On the battlefields of World War II, however, tank destroyers were unequal to the task of neutralizing German armor. Their aggressive doctrine played into the hands of the German panzer divisions, which employed highly integrated combined arms tactics. The tank destroyers were also outgunned by the heavy German tanks that appeared in the last three years of the war. Therefore, the original tank destroyer doctrine was largely abandoned n the field, where the tank destroyers continued to perform a variety of less ambitious missions. This work provides a case study in the formulation of doctrine, with emphasis being given to the conceptual flaws that marred the tank destroyer program and the corrective measures that were implemented in the field to alleviate these flaws. This study concludes with the argument that any comprehensive anti-tank doctrine, then and now, must embrace the principles of combined arms warfare in order to be effective.
  • Sequel to the Apocalypse: The Uncensored Story How Your Dimes and Quarters Helped Pay for Hitler's War - FREE
    • by John Boylan, Foreword by Rex Stout, Booktab, Inc., New York, New York, March 1942, 64 pages, 5 photos, 8 illustrations, 1 chart depicting I.G. Farben in the Americas on the Eve of Total War showing connections with companies such as Ford, Standard Oil and Bayer. This booklet claims to expose the American businessmen and lawyers who were selected by certain Germans for certain functions and may have performed their deeds willingly. Interesting piece of wartime propaganda.
  • Shoulder Patch Insignia of the United States Armed Forces - FREE
    • by Wolf Appleton, published sometime shortly after the war by the author, 19 pages, 341 drawings. Hundreds of superb line drawings of many of the shoulder patches worn by U.S. forces, mostly during World War II (some from World War I and between the wars). No descriptions or color information as this was intended merely as a guide to identify the various patches.
  • Sketches of the Ordnance Research and Development Center in World War II - FREE
    • OR&DC, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, 1945, 132 pages, 302 photos, 4 charts, 2 illustrations. This book was an attempt to put down some of the highlights in the work of the Research Center during the war years, to recall some of the personalities involved in that work, and to tell the story of that work. The OR&DC did a tremendous amount of vital work in direct support of the war effort and this is a small part of that story.
  • Small Unit Action in Vietnam, Summer 1966 - FREE
    • by Capt. Francis J. West, Jr, USMCR, Historical Branch, G-3 Division, HQ, USMC, Washington, D.C., 1967, 160 pages, photos, maps. Contents: Foreword; Mines and Men (9th Marines, 3rd Amphibious Tractor Battalion, MAG-36); Howard's Hill (1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 5th Marines, MAG-11, MAG-12, MAG-36); No Cigar (5th Marines); Night Action (7th Marines); The Indians (1st Force Reconnaissance Compamny, 12th Marines, MAG-11); Talking Fish (12th Marines); An Honest Effort (5th Marines); A Hot Walk in the Sun (5th Marines, 1st Engineer Battalion, Provisional Scout Dog Platoon, MAG-36); "General, We Killed Them" (5th Marines, 9th Engineer Battalion, Provisional Scout Dog Platoon, MAG-12, MAG-36); Glossary of Marine Small Arms.
  • Small Unit Actions During the German Campaign in Russia - FREE
    • Historical Study Department of the Army Pamphlet No. 20-269, German Report Series, Dept. of the Army, Washington, D.C., 1953, 317 pages, 51 maps, 40 photos. The purpose of this text is to provide small unit commanders with instructional material, at their own level, concerning the Russian front during World War II. A careful study of the examples in the text will provide many lessons in tactics, logistics, and techniques, in the coordination of weapons, in the influence of terrain, climatic and weather conditions upon operations, and in the qualities of the officers and men who fought on the Russian front. It is only by utilizing German experience that the best insight into the fighting on that front can be secured. The actions contained herein describe the Russian soldier, his equipment, and his combat methods under a variety of circumstances and conditions as seen by his opponent—the German. The narratives are intended to supplement the theoretical knowledge of Russian combat doctrine during World War II that can be acquired from the study of manuals. Whereas the military doctrines of the nations vary little, the application of these doctrines differs greatly between countries. The chief characteristics of Russian combat methods during World War II were the savagery, fanaticism, and toughness of the individual soldier and the lavish prodigality with human life by the Soviet high command. The actions here described are based solely on German source material, primarily in the form of narratives of personal experience. They were written under the direct supervision of General Franz Halder, Chief of the German Army General Staff from 1938 to 1942. General Halder, like many of our own high-ranking officers, has on numerous occasions expressed interest in small unit actions and has often stressed their importance in training junior leaders. The German narratives, comprising over a hundred small unit actions, reached this Office in the form of 1,850 pages of draft translations done in the Historical Division, USAREUR. These were analyzed for content, presentation, and pertinence to the subject. The better ones were then rewritten, edited, and arranged in chronological sequence to give the best possible coverage to the different phases of the German campaign in Russia. Under the direction of Lt. Col. M. C. Heifers, Chief of the Foreign Studies Branch, Special Studies Division, Office of the Chief of Military History, this work, as well as the preparation of maps, was done by Mr. George E. Blau, Chief, and 1st Lt. Roger W. Reed, 1st Lt. Gerd Haber, Mr. Charles J. Smith, and Mr. George W. Garand of the Writing and Translation Section. Although the original German source material has undergone considerable revision, every effort has been made to retain the point of view, the expression, and even the prejudices of the original.
  • Sniper Rifles of Two World Wars - FREE
    • by William H. Tantum IV, Historical Arms Series No. 8. Museum Restoration Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1967, 36 pages, 32 photos. The rifles and sniper techniques of the United States, Britain, Canada, Russia, Germany and Japan in World War I and World War II are described and illustrated.
  • Soldier's Guide to the Japanese Army - FREE
    • Military Intelligence Service, War Department, Washington, D.C., 15 November 1944, 196 pages, 103 photos, 48 drawings, 2 illustrations, 1 plan drawing, 8 charts, 2 tables. Contents: The Japanese Soldier; The Necessities of Life; Infantry Weapons; Artillery and Armored Materiel; Organization of the Japanese Army; Tactics: The Japanese Army in Action; The Offensive; The Defensive; Jungle Warfare; Artillery and Tank Tactics; Booby Traps and Mines.
  • Soviet 120mm Mortar (1943 and 1938 models): ST-F-9-201 Ordnance Intelligence Manual 9-201 - FREE
    • Ordnance Intelligence, Ordnance Corps, Dept. of the Army, Washington, D.C., August 1950, 140 pages, 18 photos, 212 illustrations, 1 table. This manual describes the Soviet Army 120-mm trench mortar, 1943 and 1938 models, including technical information required for the identification, use, and care of the mortar, ammunition, and accessory equipment. The manual was produced shortly after the Korean War started and was clearly created to assist U.S. forces who might capture such weapons and would enable them to make use of them against their former owners. The majority of the photos were taken by Americans in preparing this booklet, using captured examples, probably at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland. Most of the other illustrations appear to have been taken from the Soviet manuals for these weapons and show a wealth of details.
  • Soviet Combat Materiel - FREE
    • Department of the Army, U.S. Army Foreign Science and Technology Center, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1974, 30 pages, 21 photos. Compilation of brief histories, photos and data on then-current Soviet fighting vehicles and artillery.
  • Soviet Murder of German POW's - FREE
    • by Dr. Austin J. App, Assoc. Prof. (Ret.), LaSalle College, Philadelphia, Boniface Press reprint of an article in the November 1978 issue of The Liberty Bell, 8 pages. Revisionist view of Soviet treatment of German POWs captured during World War II.
  • Soviet Night Operations in World War II - FREE
    • by Maj. Claude R. Sasso, Leavenworth Paper No. 6, Combat Studies Institute, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, December 1982, 66 pages, 11 maps. During World War II, the Red Army displayed a predilection for night operations that can be traced back to its military campaigns against the Ottoman Turks, 1877-78, and the more recent campaigns of World War I and the Russian Revolution. In 1941 night operations were largely withdrawal operations and small-scale counterattacks designed to preserve Soviet manpower against superior German armor and air power. As the war progressed, however, and the Soviets moved to a primarily offensive mode of operation after Stalingrad, they came to rely increasingly on night operations to achieve surprise and to pursue the withdrawing Germans more relentlessly. Though the impetus of this gradual evolution could often be traced to the Stavka, a great measure of the initiative rested in the hands of senior Soviet commanders. The later years of the war witnessed the changeover from limited tactical missions by relatively small units at night, which were common among World War II combatants, to uniquely Soviet large unit operations by armies and fronts. In the process, the Soviets learned to deal successfully with many complex control and coordination problems. This study traces this development, examines the three stages of the German-Russian conflict, and ends with the lightning campaign in Manchuria against the Japanese Kwantung Army. In some respects, this last campaign represents the highest achievement of Soviet night operations and even today is touted by the Soviets for lessons learned.
  • Soviet Rifles and Carbines: Identification and Operation:  ORDI 7-101 - FREE
    • Office of the Chief of Ordnance, U.S. Army, Washington, D.C., May 1954, 57 pages, 92 photos and illustrations, 5 tables. This work was published as a guide for Ordnance personnel in the identification and operation of Soviet military rifles and carbines. The information contained in this work includes data on Soviet bolt action, semi-automatic, and automatic rifles and carbines. Although basic information on disassembly and assembly of each weapon was included, no attempt was made to provide all the details necessary for complete maintenance and repair of the weapons described. Information is given for the superficial maintenance of the weapon; common malfunctions are listed, causes of such malfunctions are cited, and the proper maintenance and repair of the weapons described. The information presented was based upon the latest and best material available at the time. Much of the information was the result of actual examination and operation of the weapons described. All of the weapons are illustrated with photographs and some drawings, in addition to close-ups of details and associated items such as bayonets, telescopes, ammunition and magazines.
  • Special Marine Corps Units of World War II - FREE
    • by Charles L. Updegraph, Jr., History and Museums Division, HQ, USMC, Washington, D.C., 1972/1977, 120 pages, photos, maps. Contents; Foreword; Preface; Introduction; The Raider Battalions; Marine Parachute Battalions; The Glider Group; Barrage Balloon Squadrons; Defense Battalions; Conclusion; Notes; Appendices (Unit Commanding Officers; Unit Battle Honors; Unit Tables of Organization (T/O); Unit Tables of Equipment (T/E); U.S. Naval Ships Named for Men of the 1st Raider Battalion).
  • Speech of General George S. Patton Jr. to His Third Army on the Eve of the Normandy Invasion: Somewhere in England, June 1944 - FREE
    • by Dr. Charles E. Dornbusch, 11 November 1963, 14 pages, 1 photo. A small booklet published by Dr. Charles Dornbusch in the early 1960s recounts the circumstances and the speech given by Patton at one of his visits to Corps troops before the invasion of Normandy. This is the famous "There is one thing you will all be able to say when you go home … when you are sitting around the fireside with your brat on your knee, and he asks you what you did in the Great War II, you don't have to say 'I shoveled s--t'." The speech is provided in all its glory, vulgarisms and all, along with commentary as to the reactions of the audience by an unidentified reporter.
  • Survey of Allied Tank Casualties of World War II: Technical Memorandum ORO-T-117 - FREE
    • by Alvin D. Coox and L. Van Loan Naisawald, The Director, Operations Research Office, Ft. Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C., 1 March 1951, 166 pages, biblography, 6 appendices, 36 tables, 30 figures. Contents: Summary; Casusation (Gunfire; Land Mines; Hollow Chagre Weapons; Mortar Fire; Miscellaneous (plus Multiple), Enemy Weapon; Micellaneous, Non-Enemy Weapons); Range (Gunfire; Hollow Charge Weapons); Site of Hits (Gunfire; Hollow Charge Weapons); Caliber of Enemy Gunfire (North Africa; Sicily and Italy; European Theater of Operations); Fire Damage and Repairability of Tank Casuaklties; Personnel Casualties; Tank Target Analysis; Appendix A: Operational Charts; Appendix B: French Tank Casualty Data; Appendix C: Land Mine Warfare Data; Annex: German Land Mine Employment; Appendix D: Tank Production Data; Appendix E: German Tank Casualty Data (Annex 1: Statistical Analysis of Tank Losses by Causes in German-Soviet War; Annex 2: German Estimates and Comments on Their Own Tank Casualties; Annex 3: Soviet Data on German Tank Casualties; Annex 4: US Employment of Land Mines; Annex 5: Antitank and Antipersonnel Mines; Annex 6: Bazookas and Panzerfaust; Annex 7: Examination of Causes for Rendering Tanks Inoperative); Appendix F: List of Allied Armored Units Studied by Theater.

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