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Defense of Airdromes
  • Army Air Forces Field Manual FM 1-26
  • War Department, Washington, D.C., 1944
  • This manual is a guide for airdrome commanders, airdrome defense officers, and personnel available for the defense of airdromes. It treats of the local defense of forward-area airdromes, exclusive of counteraction by aircraft, by the personnel, armament, and equipment under the command of the airdrome commander, but much of its subject matter is applicable to the defense problems of any airdrome. It is also intended to serve as a training aid for units designed or assigned for the defense of airdromes. It presents an analysis of the forms of attack to which airdromes may be subjected and of the means and measures which may be taken to defeat such attacks or to minimize their effect.
  • $1.99
Desert Warfare: German Experiences in World War II
  • by Major General Alfred Toppe
  • Combat Studies Institute
  • U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, August 1991
  • This is an abridgment of a two-volume work that first appeared in 1952. Organized by Maj. Gen. Alfred Toppe and written with the assistance of nine German commanders who served in North Africa, the manuscript represents a collaborative attempt to determine "as many factors as possible which exerted a determining influence on desert warfare."  Issues addressed include planning, intelligence, logistics, and operations. Described and analyzed are the German order of battle, the major military engagements in North Africa, and the particular problems of terrain and climate in desert operations.  This is an excerpt from German Experiences in Desert Warfare During World War II by Generalmajor Alfred Toppe and nine others, published in two volumes in 1952, totaling 380 pages, with 36 sketches, 15 maps, and 85 photographs. The original study was MS No. P-129 in the Foreign Studies Series of the Historical Division, U.S. Army, Europe.
  • Contents
  • Preface by Generaloberst Franz Halder
    Introduction
    1. Prior Planning
    • Intelligence Planning
      • Desert Terrain and Climate
      • Scope of the Evaluation
      • Influence of Intelligence on Planning
      • Availability and Evaluation of Terrain Intelligence
      • Use of Historical Data for Planning Purposes
    • Operation Planning
      • General
      • Changes in Troop Organization and Equipment
      • Special Training
      • Acclimatization of the Troops
      • Development of Special Equipment
    • Logistical Planning
      • February-May 1941
      • June-December 1941
      • January-June 1942
      • July 1942-May 1943
    2. Operations
    • General Description of the Zone of Operations
      • Mountain Ranges
      • Steep Terraces
    • Order of Battle of Army and Luftwaffe Units
    • Reasons for Changes in Organization and Equipment
    • Descriptions of the More Important Battles
      • 31 March-19 April: The First Counterattack to Reconquer the Cyrenaica
      • May-June 1941: Battle for the Positions on the Border
      • July-Mid-November: The Siege of Tobruk and Preparations for the Attack
      • Mid-November 1941-Mid-January 1942: Repelling the British Autumn Offensive and the Retreat to the Gulf of Sirte
      • Mid-January-End of May 1942: The Counteroffensive t Retake the Cyrenaica and the Preparations for the Attack on Tobruk
      • Late May-July 1942: The Battle of Tobruk and the Pursuits to El Alamein
      • August-Early November 1942: The Battles Around Alamein
      • November 1942-January 1943: The German Retreat to the Border Between Libya and Tunisia
      • November 1942-March 1943: The Occupation of Tunisia and the Battles Fought in Tunisia
      • April-May 1943: The Final Battle in Tunisia
    3. Special Factors
    • Dust
      • Effect on Troops, Weapons and Equipment
      • Effect on Combat Operations
      • Effect on Tactical Measures
      • Effect on Aircraft and Their Crews
    • Terrain
      • Influence on Tactical Measures
      • Influence on the Construction of Field Fortifications and the Use of Weapons
      • The Tactical Importance of the Recognition of Vehicle Tracks by Air Observation
      • The Use of Vehicle Tracks for Deception of the Enemy
      • The Use of Wheeled and Track Vehicles
      • Influence of Desert Terrain on the Development of New Tactical Principles for the Use of Motorized Units
      • Influence of Rainfall on Mobility in Desert Terrain
    • Water
      • General
      • Requirements for Troops and Vehicles, Economy Measures, etc.
      • Water and Motor-Fuel Requirements
      • Tactical Importance of the Presence of Water Sources
      • Assignment of Engineer Troops for Water-Supply Services
      • Well-Drilling Equipment
      • Method of Distribution
      • Pipelines
    • Heat
      • General
      • Effect on Unaccustomed Troops
      • Effect on Tank Crews
      • Measures Taken to Avoid the Noonday Heat
      • Special Equipment for Protection Against Temperature Variations
      • Types of Shelter
      • Comparison Between the Efficiency of Troops in the Tropics and in Temperate Climates
      • Effect on Materiel and Equipment
      • Effect on Visibility
      • Effect on Airplanes in Taking Off and Landing
    4. Miscellaneous
    • Cartographic Service
      • General
      • Reliability and Methods of Use
    • Camouflage
    • Evaluation of the Enemy Situation Through Aerial Photographs
    • Visibility at Night
    • Choice of Camp Sites
    • Selection of Battle Sites
    • Time of Day Selected for Combat
    • Influence of the Desert Climate on Daily Service Routine
    • Special Problems of the Technical Services
    • Influence of Light, Shade, and Sandstorms on Combat
    • Influence of Darkness on Radio Communications
    • Wind
    • Special Equipment and Procedures for Aircraft Crews
    • Dry Docks and Port Installations
    • Reinforcement of Sand Surfaces for Landings by Amphibious Craft
    • Changes in Ship Loading and Unloading Procedures
    • Materiel Losses and Replacement Estimates for Desert Warfare
    • Modifications in Supply Dump Procedures—Especial for POL
    • Diseases and Insects in the Desert
    • Desert Weather Service
    General Remarks and Experiences
    • Special Equipment for Desert Warfare
    • Research and Development Possibilities for Special Desert Equipment
    • Unusual Supply Problems
    • Nutrition
    • Clothing
    • Comparison with Desert Warfare in Southern Russia
    • Troop Welfare in the Desert
  • 118 pages
  • $1.99
Detector Set AN/PRS-1
  • Technical Manual TM 11-1151
  • War Department, Washington, D.C., 15 April 1944
  • Detector Set AN/ PRS-1 is a portable device intended for the detection of both metallic and nonmetallic antitank mines. Buried objects, such as metallic and nonmetallic anti-tank mines, are indicated by both aural and visual means. A sharp increase or decrease in the volume of the 1,000-cyde tone in Headset HS-30- (&) or Resonator M-356- (&) is the best indication of the presence of a buried object such as an antitank mine. The symbol (&) where used in this technical manual, indicates all items of equipment regardless of model or procurement. The volume change is accompanied by a swinging to the left of the needle of a meter on the exploring rod as the volume of the tone increases, and by a swinging to the right as the volume of the tone decreases. This detector set has been designed to detect antitank mines buried not more than 3 inches below the surface of the ground. Detection is possible at depths up to 5 inches, depending upon the skill of the operator, the type of terrain, and the general soil condition. It is imperative that the detector head be held at the same distance above ground at which it was balanced, otherwise false indications will be given. Detector Set AN/PRS-1 is sensitive to nonuniformities (rocks, tree roots, air pockets) in the ground the size of a 5-inch cube. The aural and visual indications produced by such nonuniformities may be similar to those produced by either a metallic or nonmetallic mine, depending upon the depth and nature of the nonuniformity.
  • Contents: Description; Installation and operation; Functioning of parts; Maintenance; Supplementary data.
  • 53 pages, 20 figures
  • $1.99
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