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The 9th Australian Division Versus the Africa Corps

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The 9th Australian Division Versus the Africa Corps: An Infantry Division Against Tanks, Tobruk, Libya 1941
  • by Col. Ward A. Miller
    • Combat Studies Institute, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, August 1986
      • 80 pages
      • 9 photos
      • 1 figure
      • 8 maps
  • Free PDF download

In April and May 1941, the previously successful blitzkrieg tactics of the German Army met defeat by the outnumbered Australian forces of the 9th Division at Tobruk. The Australian infantry achieved victory through a successful all-around defense against tank attacks in force. By employing all available assets in a combined arms effort, well-supported light infantry forces defeated a heavier armored force.


This work provides the reader with a valuable historical context for evaluating how light infantry forces can confront armored attacks. This study also reveals how light infantry forces operated and were supported and sustained in a desert environment.


  • Tobruk: The Context of the Battle

    • Introduction

    • Background

    • Combat Organization of Friendly Forces

    • Combat Organization of Enemy Forces

  • The Battle

    • The Easter Battle Chronology

    • Critical Events

  • Conclusions

    • Analysis of German and Australian Capabilities

    • Lessons Learned

  • Appendices

    • Tobruk Fortress Order of Battle, 14 April 1941

    • The North African Campaigns

    • German Offensive Tactics

    • British Anti-tank Operations

  • Notes

  • Bibliography

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