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Night Combat (Historical Study Department of Army Pamphlet No. 20-236)

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Night Combat

Department of Army Pamphlet No. 20-236

  • Historical Study - German Report Series
    • Dept. of the Army, Washington, D.C., June 11, 1953
      • 66 pages
      • 6 maps
      • 4 charts
  • Free PDF download
This is one of the titles in the so-called German Report Series produced by the U.S. Amy using German generals and other officers to author a variety of reports on their experiences, methods, organization, combat, etc., especially as it related to their war with the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front during World War II. These titles were produced during the early years of the Cold War when the U.S. Army fully expected to end up facing the Soviets in a future war.
 
Thus, for the U.S. Army, these pamphlets (some of which were quite large and the term "pamphlet" does them a disservice) became a type of training manual. For the present-day historian and World War II buff, they are a source of detail not easily found elsewhere.
 
Eventually, all of the titles in the German Report series (as well as some in the same pamphlet series, but covering other topics and written by U.S. Army officers) will be made available in the Military Reference Library series.
 
The material for this pamphlet was prepared for the Historical Division, EUCOM, by a group of former German generals and general staff officers. The principal author, former Brig. Gen. Alfred Toppe, and most of his associates served for extended periods on the Russian Front during World War II. Moreover, most of them held assignments involving troop training.
 
The reader is reminded that publications in the German Report Series were written by Germans from the German point of view, and that the procedures, tables of organization and equipment, combat doctrine, and staff methods of the German Army differed widely from those of the U.S. Army. It is interesting to note, however, that, in conformity with the German recommendations made in this pamphlet, the U.S. Army's programs were placing increasing emphasis on night combat training.
 
Contents
  • Foreword

  • Introduction

  • Principles of Night Combat

    • General

    • Physical and Psychological Factors

    • Exercise of Command

    • Orientation

    • Reconnaissance

    • Security

    • Movements

    • Assembly

    • Defense

    • Pursuit

    • Defense

    • Retrograde Movements

    • Position Warfare

  • Russian Night Combat Methods

    • Characteristics and Training of the Russian Soldier

    • Movements

    • Reconnaissance

    • Infiltration

    • Offensive Operations

    • Defensive Operations

    • Retrograde Movements

    • Partisan Warfare

  • German Night Combat Methods

    • Movements

    • Reconnaissance

    • Offensive Operations Barrier

    • Defensive Operations

    • Retrograde Movements

  • Training

    • General

    • Individual Training

    • Weapons Training

    • Unit Training

  • Appendices I-VII: Training Schedules
Night Combat (Historical Study Department of Army Pamphlet No. 20-236)

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